Peeling is an important step in facial skin care. Cleansed skin absorbs the components of care products well, has a healthy even color and a velvety texture. Enzymatic peeling, also called enzymatic peeling, is a peeling of the surface of the skin of the face using enzymes of bacterial, plant or animal origin.
Enzyme peeling is the most sparing procedure, since in the process the skin of the face is gently cleansed of the secretions of the subcutaneous sweat glands, the keratinized cells of the epidermis are dissolved and rejected. For young skin, enzyme peeling is indicated for moisturizing and cleansing; for more mature skin, such peeling stimulates regeneration processes, improves texture, and restores tone.
Enzyme peeling is recommended in cases of:
- with enlarged pores of the face;
- in the presence of black dots;
- with small superficial wrinkles;
- if there are signs of photoaging;
- with oily and mixed skin type;
- with sensitive skin prone to redness;
- with freckles and pigmentation;
- reduced tone;
- preparation for special procedures;
Contraindications to the use of enzymatic peeling are:
- manifestation of herpes on the face, warts, abrasions, scratches;
- fungal diseases;
- the presence of diseases that reduce immunity;
- allergy to the components in the composition of the peeling preparation;
- increased skin sensitivity;
What is included in the preparations for enzyme peeling?
The active components of enzyme peel preparations are enzymes – biological catalysts and protein substances, consisting of a chain of amino acids. On the skin, enzymes break down keratinized particles of the epidermis and promote cell renewal. This process occurs without the participation of exfoliating scrub granules and aggressive acids. The preparations most often include fruit acids, such as citric acid, grape, pumpkin, orange, green apple acid, aloe, papaya, which not only reject dead cells, but also thoroughly dissolve them without clogging the pores of the face. Therefore, this type of peeling is indicated for oily skin, sensitive, prone to rashes and irritations.
The most popular enzymes that are part of the enzyme peel are:
- Papain is an enzyme found in papaya fruit and leaves. Has anti-inflammatory and antimicrobial action, prevents redness and acne.
- Lysozyme is a chicken protein enzyme. Stimulates the immune system and participates in metabolic processes.
- Pepsin is an enzyme in the gastric mucosa of pigs and sheep. Participates in the breakdown of proteins to peptides.
- Trypsin is a bovine pancreatic enzyme. It has an anti-inflammatory effect and reduces swelling.
- Sorbain is an enzyme from papaya and lemon fruits. Participates in the metabolic processes of the skin.
- Bromelain is an enzyme found in lemon, pineapple, and papaya fruits. Indispensable for acne.
- Arbutin is an enzyme from the leaves of bearberry, wintergreen, blueberry. Whitens the skin and fights the manifestations of pigmentation.
- Actinidin is an enzyme of plant origin found in kiwi fruits. Promotes the dissolution of dead cells.
- Travasa is a bacterial protease enzyme. Produces a whitening effect, is involved in loosening and exfoliating skin cells.
- Ficin is a plant enzyme found in fig leaves and stems. Breaks down proteins and promotes collagen production.
In addition, enzymatic peel preparations have a combined structure. In addition to enzymes, the composition contains retinol – a type of vitamin A and a well-known antioxidant that protects skin cells from aging and negative environmental influences, has a beneficial effect on blood vessels and blood supply to the skin. The high content of milk proteins, such as casein, lactalbumin, proteinase, saturates the skin with amino acids, moisturizes and promotes the regeneration process.
What types of enzyme peels are there?
This procedure is carried out both in beauty salons and at home independently. Peeling done in the salon by a specialist has a better effect and deep action, unlike home peeling, since more active preparations are used during the procedure. Enzyme peeling does not require special equipment and it is not difficult to do it yourself at home.
How to carry out the procedure yourself?
Today, cosmetic companies offer a large selection of enzyme peels for home use. For an independent procedure, you need to know a few rules:
- When peeling for the first time, it is important to test for skin sensitivity and the presence of allergic reactions by applying the composition to the inner surface of the wrist.
- Before carrying out enzymatic peeling, it is necessary to remove make-up and clean the skin with a tonic or lotion.
- Apply peeling to the skin in accordance with the instructions for use of the product. The peeling composition is applied to the forehead, nose, cheeks, cheekbones, chin and décolleté. You can also use enzymatic peeling on areas of the skin of the body. The duration of peeling on the skin depends on the composition, the desired result and the brand of the selected product. In most cases, the composition is applied for 10-30 minutes. To activate the action of enzymes, the face can be covered with a warm towel or covered with a film. On top of the peeling composition, you can conduct a light massage of the skin of the face.
- After the expiration of the enzymatic peeling, the skin must be thoroughly rinsed with plenty of warm clean water and soothed with a tonic.
- After peeling, you can use a face mask, depending on the obvious problems and skin type. The penetration of the active substances of the cosmetic mask into the skin will increase, and the procedure will give an excellent effect.
- After the above steps, apply a thin layer of nourishing cream to the skin.
At the end, a slight burning or tingling of the skin area that has been peeled is possible. You should not be afraid of this, since such sensations indicate the effectiveness of the procedure.
It is recommended to carry out enzymatic peeling in courses, up to 8-10 procedures, 1-2 times a week. The choice of tactics depends on the type of skin. Do not abuse the number of enzymatic peeling procedures, as you can end up with overdried skin and a pale complexion. Particular attention must be paid to protecting the skin from ultraviolet rays, so the use of creams with UV protection is mandatory.
The benefits of enzymatic peeling at home are undeniable. Unlike salon procedures, home peeling is less financially expensive, it can be done at any convenient time. Pregnancy and breastfeeding is not…