Gentian yellow herbaceous perennial, up to 120 cm high, with a thick powerful rhizome. The popular name is bitter root, yellow tirlich, ginzura.
The young plant is a basal rosette with large leaves. In the third year, a straight hollow stem appears with elliptical leaves of a bluish tint.
It blooms in its third year, with yellow flowers clustered in pseudo whorls from July to September. There are plants of yellow gentian about 60 years old.
Procurement of raw materials
Medicinal raw materials are adventitious roots and rhizomes collected in spring or autumn. For medicinal purposes, plants are used at least 4 years old.
The rhizomes dug out with a shovel are freed from the stem, thoroughly cleaned of the ground, washed in cold water, cut into lobes, removing rotten and damaged areas.
The prepared raw materials are dried in the air or in the attic, laid out on grates or fabrics. The best effect is obtained by drying the roots in dryers at a temperature of 50-60aboutFROM.
The finished raw material is brittle with a smooth, radiant yellow fracture. The roots have a faint honey smell and a very bitter taste. The external color of the roots is reddish-brown in color, which is highly hygroscopic, so it must be stored in closed boxes. Store roots no more than 5 years.
The roots and rhizomes of yellow gentian contain a rich and diverse composition of organic substances:
- gentiopicrin is a glycoside that, during drying and storage, passes into gentiomarin;
- gentin and gentisin glycosides;
- gentianine alkaloid;
- trisaccharide, splitting into fructose and glucose 1:3;
- fixed oils;
- pectins and resins.
Like any medicine, gentian can have adverse effects, so this herb should be used with caution and on the advice of a physician.
The use should be limited:
- people suffering from stomach ulcers;
- patients with hypertension.
It is undesirable to use when:
- feeding a child;
- very high blood pressure.
Preparations of gentian yellow are used as an appetite stimulant, increasing salivation and gastric juice. The presence of bitter glycosides in the roots has a positive effect on the entire digestive system. Ferulic acid, found in the composition of organic substances in the rhizomes of the plant, helps to increase the secretion of bile.
The rhizome of the plant is used as an antimicrobial and anti-inflammatory agent.
Use in medicine
Compositions based on gentian rhizomes are used in folk medicine in Russia, Korea, China and European countries.
Internal administration of drugs in the form of tinctures, decoctions and extracts is used in the treatment of: chronic gastritis with reduced secretion, hypotonic biliary dyskinesia, chronic cholangitis and cholecystitis, cholelithiasis, chronic constipation, pulmonary tuberculosis, malaria, gout, rheumatism and arthritis.
Some formulations using gentian root:
- half a teaspoon of dry rhizome preparation is poured with two glasses of chilled boiled water and infused for 8 hours. Strained infusion is used for bronchitis. This infusion is a good remedy for the treatment of pulmonary tuberculosis;
- insist a tablespoon of medicinal rhizome in half a liter of any fortified wine in a dark place for 21 days, periodically shaking the mixture. Use to treat heartburn and increase appetite. It is recommended to take the tincture at least half an hour before meals. The serving is 1-2 tablespoons at a time.
- Pour a tablespoon of dry root with one glass of hot water and boil for about 10 minutes. Filter the decoction after cooling. Take as a means to improve appetite, in portions of 1-2 tablespoons per day no earlier than half an hour before meals;
- Pour 3 teaspoons of dry root with boiling water (3 cups), continue boiling for about 8 minutes, wrap in a thick napkin, let the decoction brew for 8 hours, the decoction is useful for diseases of gout, rheumatism, arthritis.
External use of decoctions and tinctures of the bitter root in folk medicine is recommended for the treatment of infected wounds, ulcerative lesions and inflammation of the skin, stop bleeding.
Korean and Chinese medicine use preparations from infusions of gentian roots in the treatment of diseases associated with impaired memory, appetite. Gentian preparations have an effective effect for the rehabilitation of patients who have had strokes and who suffer from arterial hypertension.
The root part of gentian yellow is used as a homeopathic remedy. Fresh roots are prepared and used to increase appetite and digestive function.
Medicinal pharmaceutical preparations of gentian
Not only oriental medicine uses preparations from gentian rhizomes. European pharmacology produces drugs for treatment. The composition of the preparations is based on the results of the action of folk recipes from different countries:
- Cassella-Med – drops containing an aqueous extract of gentian rhizome, essential oils of cumin, fennel, peppermint, ginger. The drug is intended to relieve bloating, with flatulence. Children are prescribed the drug 10 drops added to the water.
- Digestivum-Hetterich – tincture of a bitter root, a preparation of the German Pharmacopoeia industry is used for epigastric, anorexia.
- Enziagil Magenplus – capsules of dry extract of gentian, used for difficult digestion with loss of appetite. Made in Germany. There are no medical contraindications for use.
- Sinupret is an anti-inflammatory, expectorant drug in the form of a dragee. The tool is used to treat chronic respiratory diseases. The composition of the drug is complex, it includes elderberry flowers, sorrel leaves, powder of verbena flowers. The drug in the form of drops is prescribed for infants. The drug is also in the production of the German Pharmacopoeia.
- Abdomilon N is a liquid preparation consisting of alcoholic extracts of yellow gentian root, lemon balm, wormwood. A drug is used to treat inflammation in the abdominal cavity. The treatment has no contraindications, and it is prescribed for adults and children.
- Bioreform, (Austria) is a complex tea containing yarrow, bitter orange fruit walls, gentian root, rosemary and rose hips. Tea is used as a tonic, tonic, appetite stimulant.
Places of growth
Gentian is found in places where stony soil prevails: meadows, fields, thickets of shrubs, pine forests. Once upon a time…