How often people do not notice what is very close, one might say, at their feet. So it is with the most useful plant that accompanies us wherever we go. This is a knotweed or bird mountaineer, growing along the paths and covering courtyard glades with a soft green carpet.
The famous grass-ant, sung in songs and fairy tales, is also he. The plant belongs to the buckwheat family, propagated by seeds, very resistant to trampling. It grows almost everywhere, except for the northern latitudes. It also grows on heavy clay and gravelly soils, but prefers fertile, well-moistened soils. The flowering period lasts from the end of June until August, when the seeds that birds love so much begin to ripen. Flowers inconspicuous, small white, pinkish or green hues. Depending on the type of soil, the stalks of the knotweed can reach up to 1 meter in length.
What is useful highlander bird?
The variety of useful substances and the balance of their content in the composition make it possible to classify this plant as medicinal. Such an unpretentious and inconspicuous grass is the leader in the content of vitamin C, overtaking citrus fruits and rose hips. Vitamin A, potassium, calcium, zinc, phosphorus are far from a complete range of essential microelements that help in the fight against serious illnesses and help maintain quality of life. Silicon compounds contained in knotweed, according to academician Vernadsky, are the basis of all living things. In addition, the highlander contains oxalic acid, tannins, flavonoids, pectins, coumarins, essential oils, protein, fiber.
The unique composition allows you to replenish the reserves of vitamins in the body, relieve fatigue, strengthen the immune system. The first to evaluate the nutritional value of the highlander were domestic birds, or those living next to a person, birds – geese, ducks, sparrows, tits, pigeons. They are happy to feast on knotweed, rendering a service to him, helping to multiply, spreading seeds over long distances.
Where is knotweed used?
People use the beneficial properties of knotweed in the treatment of various ailments:
- It has been proven that silicic acids contained in the stems, leaves and flowers of the plant have the ability to crush salt deposits in the kidneys to the smallest sand, which is painlessly excreted from the body due to the diuretic properties of the plant. Herbal decoctions can also be used to prevent the formation of new stones.
- Herb decoctions are also used to stop bleeding when other medications cannot be used. For example, with uterine, hemorrhoidal bleeding, scurvy. Astringents contained in the plant improve blood clotting, strengthen the vascular walls.
- Tannins have an antiseptic, antimicrobial and anti-inflammatory effect, helping in the treatment of purulent rashes on the skin, various bacterial infections, promotes the rapid healing of ulcers and wounds, prevents the occurrence of putrefactive processes in the oral cavity, disinfects, relieves swelling in the area of inflammation.
- The use of a decoction of knotweed helps to normalize blood pressure.
- Using herbal infusions, you can recover from cholecystitis, gastrointestinal diseases due to the content of substances that improve metabolic processes, help to remove bile.
- Highlander infusions and decoctions are able to lower body temperature, have an anticonvulsant effect.
- Due to the content of vitamins, knotweed is used as an additional treatment for tuberculosis, as an element of rehabilitation therapy after illnesses and operations, relieving fatigue and weakness.
- The most important property that knotweed has is a positive effect in restoring reproductive function. Normalization of the hormonal background, increasing the tone of the muscles of the uterine appendages, improving the function of breathing, enriching the body with oxygen, contributes to the onset of pregnancy. Moreover, it is recommended to be treated for both partners, since knotweed helps in the treatment of male impotence, prostatitis.
- In cosmetology, a decoction of knotweed is used to strengthen hair follicles, which prevents hair loss. The vitamins that make up the decoction stimulate hair growth.
- In cooking, young leaves and stems are used to make salads.
- In industry, dyes are made from the mountaineer.
Contraindications for use
Like any medicine, knotweed has contraindications for use:
- Pregnancy. Highlander increases the tone of the muscles of the uterus, which can lead to premature birth.
- Those suffering from thrombophlebitis are also contraindicated in the use of mountaineer, since decoctions based on it help to improve blood clotting.
- Low blood pressure is a contraindication to the use of knotweed, as it is used to treat hypertension.
- In case of kidney diseases in the acute stage, knotweed treatment is contraindicated.
Harvesting rules and recipes
To maximize the beneficial properties of grass, you need to properly prepare it. The highlander is harvested from May to August, beveling or cutting off up to 40 cm of the upper leaves. By the end of summer, the stems become stiff, making harvesting difficult. It is necessary to dry the collected grass in a cool, well-ventilated place where direct sunlight does not fall. Then decoctions and infusions are made from the finished raw materials. The decoction is prepared as follows: 1 tbsp. a spoonful of grass is placed in a thermos, poured with boiling water, infused for 3 hours. You need to drink a decoction half an hour before meals, 1/3 cup to crush stones in the kidneys and gallbladder.
For the preparation of water infusion 1 tbsp. a spoonful of dry grass, poured with 1 cup of boiling water, infused for half an hour, taken 1 tablespoon 3 times a day.
Highlander teas are used to treat whooping cough, bronchitis. To prepare 2 tablespoons pour a quarter liter of cold water, bring to a boil and drink 2-3 cups.
To relieve convulsions in children, the highlander grass is boiled in milk for 5 minutes and taken in half a glass 4 times a day.
Highlander blanks are widely used in medicinal preparations. For the treatment of bronchitis, a collection of birch leaves, coltsfoot, knotweed and yarrow is used. 1 tablespoon of the mixture is brewed for several hours in a thermos, then they drink one third of a glass 3 times a day.
In case of allergic reactions, baths are taken with a decoction of knotweed, birch leaves, lemon balm, burdock root, viburnum leaves, violets, celandine grass, calendula flowers and leaves, strings. Take 20 tablespoons of the collection, pour 3 liters of water, bring to a boil, leave for 3 hours and pour into the bath. Take such baths for 20 minutes, every other day, 10 times. Along with this, they drink a decoction of herbs (burnet, knotweed, valerian, St. John’s wort, …