How to take birth control pills

Every woman should think about the health of her offspring, which means planning a pregnancy for a favorable period of time. This is where oral contraceptives come in. This is one of the most effective and reliable methods of protection. The choice of contraceptives is great, but this does not mean at all that you can just go and buy pills, guided by the rave reviews of a friend or, even worse, the packaging you like.

When the question arises about the choice of hormonal contraceptives – only the doctor is authorized to decide which drug is right for you. Taking hormonal pills in the presence of contraindications is fraught with a serious deterioration in health. A properly selected drug will allow you to enjoy intimate communication with your loved one without fear of an unwanted pregnancy.

What are these tablets?

Oral contraceptives are drugs that contain hormones similar to those produced in the female body: estrogen and progesterone. Those drugs that contain both hormones are called combined. Preparations containing only one hormone (progesterone) are called “mini-pills”. There are also drugs for emergency postcoital contraception that are not designed for long-term use.

How birth control pills work

In the ovaries of a woman of reproductive age, from the moment of the first menstruation, eggs begin to mature. After leaving the follicle, it moves through the fallopian tubes, where it meets the sperm and is fertilized by it. After that, the fertilized egg enters the uterus, where the most favorable conditions have already been created for its implantation.

All birth control pills have a similar principle of action: progesterone inhibits the maturation of the egg, and estrogen makes the endometrium of the uterus unprepared for the introduction of the egg. In addition, under the influence of hormones, cervical mucus becomes viscous and thick, impermeable to sperm.

Postcoital emergency contraception works differently. They are taken after intercourse. Even if fertilization has occurred, the egg will not be able to attach to the uterus, since the endometrium will simply reject it. Something like a “micro-abortion” will happen. Such methods of protection are unreliable and should not be used more than twice a year.

How to use

Before you start taking pills, you must be sure that there are no contraindications. You can start drinking dragees any day, but it is preferable to start on the first day of menstruation. Every day, preferably at a certain time, drink one tablet, adhering to the scheme. Usually, each tablet is marked with a number symbolizing the day of taking, and for convenience, the blisters are marked with an arrow, along which you need to drink the pill.

When the tablets of one package run out, a seven-day break is made. During this break, menstruation begins on days 2-4. The duration of bleeding is short. After a few months of taking the pills correctly, you will develop such a clear rhythm that you will know not only the day of the week when your period begins, but also the time.

Do not forget that careless attitude to this method of contraception can lead to pregnancy. For forgetful persons, a mobile phone can be a good helper. Just activate the reminder function and keep your mobile phone with you at all times. A slight deviation from the schedule will not affect the contraceptive effect.

If you forget to take a pill and less than 12 hours have passed, then just take it as soon as you remember. If the delay is more than 12 hours – protection is reduced and to be sure you need to use a condom for a week. In the absence of menstruation at the appointed time, it is necessary to exclude pregnancy.

As mentioned above, menstruation when taking pills will begin on the same day of the week, for example, on Thursday. If you want your period to start, for example, on Tuesday, then simply shorten the seven-day break by 2 days, if you want on Friday, shorten the break by 6 days accordingly. Then sing according to the scheme.

Sometimes it may happen that you should start bleeding on the day of a planned important event and you would like to cancel your period altogether. In this case, start taking the next pack of tablets as soon as the current pack ends, without taking a seven-day break.

How long can you take

For some reason, such a myth flourishes among women that contraceptive pills cannot be taken for a long time. And often the gynecologists themselves recommend that their patients take a break in order to “give rest to the ovaries.” In fact, this statement is unreliable, since there are no data on the negative impact on the reproductive health of women. Moreover, during breaks (for example, for several months in 1-3 years), and then when the reception is resumed, the endocrine system experiences

There is also no basis for the myth that after a long-term use of pills, a woman will have difficulty conceiving. In fact, most women get pregnant within 3-4 months of stopping birth control. If a woman cannot conceive after a year, then most likely one of the partners is infertile. If the tablets are well tolerated by the body, then they can be taken until menopause.

Along with the advantages of birth control pills, there are also disadvantages in the form of side effects that disappear as you adapt to them. In some women, sexual desire decreases, in others depression and aggressiveness appear, and still others begin to gain weight. If the side effects do not go away within six months, it is advisable to consult a doctor. He will give you another drug.

Even with external well-being, a woman should be sensitive to her health, because the responsibility for the health of her offspring is entirely in her hands.

Draw your attention to! The information presented in the article is for informational purposes and does not call for self-diagnosis, self-treatment and influence on your body by any means. Only a qualified specialist (doctor, trainer, nutritionist, etc.) can make a diagnosis, prescribe (recommend) treatment and medications or dietary supplements, give recommendations on nutrition and training, and control the treatment process (weight loss, training), focusing on a particular person and based on his individual characteristics.

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