Every woman dreams of smooth and velvety skin. Few people get such skin from birth. With age, its elasticity is lost, wrinkles appear, and its acne dimples make it unattractive. Laser peeling, which has gained great popularity, is able to cope with these problems.
What is laser peeling
The task of any peeling is to remove dead cells and stimulate the growth of new ones. Laser peeling is the most sparing method, as it does not make a mechanical effect on the skin. Removal of old cells occurs with the help of a laser, which allows you to dose the flow of rays.
The laser vaporizes the superficial layers of the skin. Due to the precise effect of the beam, only the cells that need to be removed are removed, nearby tissues are not affected. This procedure is painful, therefore, depending on the area of the treated skin, local or general anesthesia is used. Anesthesia is also required so that the patient does not startle even from slight tingling, as this affects the accuracy of the laser sight.
A month before the peeling, the skin is prepared with the help of creams prescribed by a cosmetologist. He may suggest taking antibiotics to prevent possible skin infections before the procedure. After laser peeling, a special healing ointment is applied.
The doctor’s recommendations for caring for healing skin will be standard: do not expose it to hypothermia or overheating, do not sunbathe, do not wash your face with aggressive alkaline products, and give up decorative cosmetics. If you follow all the recommendations, the skin will take on a natural look in a couple of days.
Pros and cons of laser peeling
The most obvious plus of this procedure is the result – smooth, clean and well-groomed skin. Laser resurfacing eliminates wrinkles, scars, acne marks, age spots and freckles.
The result obtained is stored for a long time. If you use this peeling for rejuvenation, then you can forget about wrinkles for three years. The skin becomes not only tightened, but also comes in tone. In addition to removing dead cells, this type of peeling allows you to increase blood circulation and activate the production of collagen, which contribute to beauty.
Like any other cosmetic procedure, laser peeling has its drawbacks. One of them will be pain, so local or general anesthesia is used for its implementation.
The rehabilitation period after peeling is quite difficult. The skin will look like after a burn, in most cases the body temperature rises, itching and pain appear. There are a number of steps that can help make the recovery process easier.
One of the most significant drawbacks of the laser is the price of the procedure. It depends on the area of the treated skin surface, the complexity of the procedure, the equipment to be used and the level of the clinic.
When you can and cannot do laser resurfacing
The scope of the laser is quite wide:
- Skin rejuvenation. Laser peeling helps fight age-related and mimic wrinkles, bags under the eyes and crow’s feet. The substance applied to the skin for the procedure promotes the production of collagen. For the delicate skin of the eyelids, there is a special sparing laser mode.
- Scars, scars, stretch marks. Depending on the size of the scars, 2 to 5 peeling sessions can be performed. The gradual removal of the skin layers allows you to get rid of even deep scars.
- Post-acne traces. On skin prone to scarring after acne, pits may remain. Depending on their depth and skin type, a laser is selected.
- Age spots, freckles. The possibility of laser point exposure allows you to get rid of even a few small freckles.
Laser resurfacing of the face is a rather serious procedure and has a number of contraindications that should not be neglected. First of all, it is forbidden to carry it out during pregnancy and lactation, people with blood diseases, diabetes mellitus, cancer patients and those with skin prone to the formation of keloid scars.
If there are any inflammations or herpes on the skin, then these problems must first be cured. Laser peeling will have to be abandoned during an exacerbation of a chronic disease, infection, accompanied by fever.
Before the resurfacing, the cosmetologist will recommend checking your health and taking tests.
Types of laser resurfacing
Distinguish between cold and hot laser. With the first type of peeling, laser beams penetrate no deeper than half the thickness of the stratum corneum of the skin. It can instantly make the skin smooth and velvety. Cold peeling is great as a pre-treatment for further deep skin care. Hot peeling warms the skin, which creates a good tightening effect. Warming the dermis accelerates the production of structural proteins.
Erbium peeling has the best reviews. Before hitting the skin, the laser beam is passed through erbium. This reduces the depth of penetration and accelerates the process of skin regeneration. Such effects of peeling as skin scarring are excluded when exposed to an erbium laser.
For rejuvenation, multi-peeling is best suited, it is called the “peeling of the future”. The impact on the skin is carried out by a variety of laser beams, while complications are minimized. The skin is able to recover in a couple of days.
The carbon dioxide laser has the strongest effect on the skin. It can be used on oily skin and to remove deep scars. One of its advantages is the effect of shrinking the pores and reducing its fat content. Recovery may take several weeks.
Possible complications and outcome of the procedure
After exposure to a laser, the skin will turn reddish in color, and after a few days it will turn pink. The most common complications are swelling and blood flow to the treated areas of the skin or hyperemia, which resolve on their own.
In rare cases, infection of the skin with various infections is possible. A good doctor will prevent this problem by prescribing anti-inflammatory drugs.
Incorrectly chosen time of laser exposure and the depth of penetration of the beams can lead to the appearance of dark or light spots on the skin and scarring. Skin redness or erythema should go away in a few weeks. But in people with spider veins on the skin, redness can persist from 4 months to a year. This is a consequence of incorrect selection of the type of laser.
The effect of the procedure can be assessed after three months, when all the swelling subsides and the redness disappears. The skin will become taut, even and…