Seborrheic dermatitis of the scalp is a skin disease with a chronic relapsing course, which is characterized by the fact that erythematous-squamous, follicular papular-squamous rashes appear on the scalp. This disease is quite rare – it affects about 5% of the population, whose age is from 18 to 40 years. In children, this disease practically does not occur.
Causes of seborrheic dermatitis of the scalp
Seborrheic dermatitis of the scalp is caused by the fungus Malassezia furfur. In the normal state of the immunity of the human body, these fungi are in a spore state. However, certain factors can contribute to their reproduction and growth. These are factors such as:
- excessive physical activity;
- weakening of the body’s immunity;
- disorders of the nervous system;
- hormonal disruptions in the body;
- change in climatic zones;
- diseases of the endocrine system;
- emotional stress.
In addition to all of the above factors, seborrheic dermatitis of the scalp can be caused by genetic factors. Genetics today is still little studied, but nevertheless it has been proven that those people in the family who had those who suffered from eczema, seborrhea or seborrheic dermatitis are susceptible to this disease.
Symptoms of seborrheic dermatitis of the scalp
The earliest sign of seborrheic dermatitis of the scalp is the appearance of dandruff. Further, perifollicular inflammation of the skin occurs, as well as the formation of seborrheic plaques on it, which later spread to the rest of the scalp.
The scalp is covered with scales, which are glued together by sebum. Under the scales – an inflamed surface. This disease is accompanied by unbearable itching. The skin flakes then exfoliate, and not only singly, but also in layers. The result of this disease is hair loss, but their number is restored during remission.
Treatment of seborrheic dermatitis of the scalp
The treatment of this disease is carried out comprehensively and is aimed at eliminating its symptoms, correcting the ailments that caused it.
First of all, the patient must comply with the diet. A hypoallergenic diet is prescribed, the diet of which includes foods that are rich in vitamins A, B, C, zinc, and selenium. It is also necessary to use special medical shampoos, which include zinc, keratolytic components, as well as those substances that eliminate excess sebum.
Physiotherapy is also prescribed, such as:
- ultraviolet therapy;
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