Serozometra of the uterus in menopause is observed in 40% of women. And there are always good reasons for its appearance.
Reasons for the development of pathology
The accumulation of serous fluid in the area of the posterior wall of the uterus or in the fallopian tubes is called a serometer. Most often, this phenomenon is observed during hormonal changes in the female body during menopause. It was then that the walls of the uterus lose their elasticity and permeability, as the blood circulation of the organ decreases.
But women are also at risk, regardless of age:
- prone to smoking and alcohol abuse, as well as other addictions;
- who have undergone major gynecological surgery or abortion;
- recovering from viral diseases of the genitourinary system;
- having a diagnosis of endometriosis (proliferation of endometrial cells);
- leading a sedentary lifestyle;
- following strict diets, in which there is a lack of vitamins and trace elements.
Therefore, regular physical activity, a balanced diet, regular examination by a gynecologist and a responsible attitude towards one’s own sexual life are an excellent prevention of the development of this pathology.
How is the serometer manifested?
By the first signs, a woman immediately understands that something wrong is happening with her body. The development of the disease is accompanied by various symptoms:
- The uterus is enlarged so that it becomes easy to feel;
- There are various pains in the lower abdomen. These pains are characterized as pulling, squeezing or bursting;
- When urinating, there are difficulties. And immediately after it – painful tension;
- Abundant and liquid discharge of a gray or brown-brown hue appears. They may contain impurities of pus and blood. After sexual intercourse, the volume of secretions increases significantly;
- The abdomen increases following the growth of the uterus;
- Sexual intercourse becomes painful;
- The body temperature may rise and a general weakness of the body may appear.
Noticing any of these symptoms, a woman should immediately consult a doctor for an accurate diagnosis. It is impossible to self-medicate with a serometer.
Diagnosis of the disease
The main problem is that the doctor can name the exact causes of the pathology only after a complete examination of the woman and taking the necessary tests from her. In addition, it is impossible to establish a serometer only by the symptoms of the manifestation, since in the course of its development it is similar to other diseases of the genitourinary and reproductive system of a woman.
To make a diagnosis, you need not only a gynecological examination, but also an ultrasound of the uterus. In addition, the woman also rents:
- blood for hormones
- general urine analysis,
- general blood analysis,
- blood for tumor markers.
And after the serometer is determined, the doctor may also prescribe a uterine puncture. Aspirate can be obtained directly from the cavity or through the posterior vaginal fornix. This procedure not only determines the presence of serous fluid inside the abdominal cavity, but also diagnoses cancer in the early stages.
If the serometer is not treated, then it is very quickly complicated by cervical erosion and serocervix, in which strong pathological changes in the cervical canal are noted.
Methods of treatment
Serozometra treatment is conservative (it is carried out with the help of drugs) and surgical. The latter is used only in advanced forms of the disease, when too much serous fluid has accumulated in the uterine cavity, due to which the uterus begins to put pressure on neighboring organs. But at the same time, there is no general treatment regimen for serometers. It all depends on what stages the disease is at and what reasons led to its appearance.
If the uterus has not greatly increased in size, the amount of accumulated fluid is low or moderate, and there are no pain sensations, then treatment is prescribed to improve the blood supply to the organs of the genitourinary system. Thus, they stimulate the activity of natural regenerating processes. For this, a woman is prescribed:
- preparations containing flavonoids – active substances of plant origin;
- ascorbic acid and B vitamins;
In the presence of inflammatory processes, which are accompanied by the release of pus, the treatment is supplemented with a course of antibiotics. For example, Ornidazole or Amoxicillin. Moreover, for a more pronounced effect, antibiotics can be taken not only in tablets, but in the form of injections or droppers.
And in order to speed up the excretion of accumulated fluid, relieve pain, spasms and expand the cervical canal, the doctor prescribes anti-inflammatory drugs. They are usually prescribed in the form of rectal suppositories.
Hormonal therapy is carried out either at the very end of conservative treatment, or as a preventive measure. Taking phytohormones in itself will not help cure the serometer, but it will help to avoid the occurrence of ovarian dysfunction and stabilize the woman’s hormonal background.
If the disease is advanced or does not respond well to drug treatment, surgery may be performed to remove the serous fluid. In addition, this is the only way to get rid of serometers completely. But after such treatment, a long recovery period begins with a course of anti-inflammatory drugs, vitamins and hormones.
Today, there is a more gentle method of surgical removal of serometers – laparoscopic or endoscopic surgery. With this method, the doctor does not perform an abdominal operation, but only a few incisions on the woman’s abdomen. Special probes are placed in these incisions, with the help of which the serous fluid is cleaned not only from the uterus, but from its appendages and tubes. There is a huge amount of positive feedback about this method, because only with it the liquid can be permanently removed from the most inaccessible parts of the organ.
Any treatment of serometers is accompanied by a course of antibacterial and antifungal drugs. In this case, after the treatment of the disease, a regular examination of the patient is mandatory. This is due to the fact that sometimes serous fluid begins to accumulate again. This happens especially often if a woman has a serometer before the onset of menopause. But treatment in the postmenopausal period gives the most stable positive results.
Treatment with traditional medicine
If the serometer was determined in the early stages of its development, the doctor may not prescribe treatment immediately. To begin with, the specialist will monitor the dynamics of the development of pathology.
And since preparations containing plant flavonoids are still used in the treatment, any …