Severe itching and burning in the intimate area in women: causes, treatment

Unpleasant sensations in the vagina bring women a lot of inconvenience and can provoke various complexes. They cannot be ignored, because such symptoms often indicate the presence of diseases of the genital organs. Every woman at least once in her life felt itching and burning in the intimate area. Many people try to determine the causes and treatment of this phenomenon without the help of a doctor, risking their health.

How to establish the cause?

To find out why there were discomfort in the groin, you need to contact a gynecologist. You should not look for the answer to this question on your own, and even more so self-medicate. Pharmaceutical preparations or traditional medicine will only blur the clinical picture, due to which the disease will worsen and it will become much more difficult to treat it.

The gynecologist will conduct a visual examination, and also take a smear on the microflora. If this is not enough, the doctor may prescribe hardware diagnostics (ultrasound of the pelvic organs, transvaginal examination). A smear allows you to determine if there is a bacterial or fungal infection in the vagina. For a complete picture, blood and urine tests may be needed. According to the results, the gynecologist will prescribe treatment.

Itching and burning before menstruation

If discomfort in an intimate place occurs a few days before menstruation or immediately after them, it can be assumed that the cause of this is banal estrogen jumps. At the end of the cycle, the level of female hormones changes dramatically, which can lead to a deterioration in well-being, increased nervousness, as well as various physiological manifestations.

Often, itching and burning before menstruation is accompanied by slight brown or pink discharge. As soon as the hormonal level normalizes, unpleasant symptoms disappear.

In this case, you should not worry, but to alleviate the condition, the gynecologist may prescribe anti-inflammatory suppositories or, for example, Clofan.

Delicate problem during pregnancy

When carrying a child, hormone fluctuations are also not uncommon, as a result of which a woman may be disturbed by itching and burning in the intimate area. However, only a doctor can confirm the harmlessness of such clinical signs. If you do not pay attention to them, you can miss pathologies that can seriously harm the fetus.

The slightest violations of women’s health during pregnancy must be treated, otherwise the woman will jeopardize the normal development of the baby. Pregnant gynecologists prescribe gentle drugs, for example, Clotrimazole for thrush. More radical therapy, if necessary, will be carried out after childbirth.

Itching in the groin with menopause

Many women over 45 complain of menstrual irregularities, dryness and itching in the vagina, and discharge with an unpleasant odor. Before the onset of menopause, the production of female sex hormones decreases. The endometrial layer of the genital organs becomes thinner, which leads to a loss of elasticity of the mucous membranes, as well as their vulnerability to bacteria.

If a woman is sexually active, the risk of vaginal infections increases during this period. In any case, the gynecologist will prescribe the appropriate drugs to eliminate the cause itself and to relieve the symptoms. These can be antibiotics, antimicrobial ointments, drugs to strengthen the immune system.

With thrush

Thrush is a fungal disease caused by fungi of the genus Candida. Many women make this diagnosis by mistake, because they know that with candidiasis it always itches and bakes. They go to the pharmacy and, on the advice of the pharmacist, buy antifungal tablets, such as Fucis or Nystatin. These remedies are really effective, but they are very toxic. You should not poison the body in vain, it is better to go for an examination to a gynecologist.

The doctor will definitely take a smear for the presence of a fungus, and only if the suspicions are confirmed, will he prescribe treatment. Sometimes therapy for thrush is quite long (from 1 month to a year). Therefore, it is not necessary to delay the visit to the hospital.

Clinical picture in genital infections

In addition to physiological causes that are not dangerous to health, itching and burning can be provoked by dangerous sexually transmitted diseases. Such pathologies cannot be overlooked, since they develop rapidly and make themselves felt. The most common diseases of the reproductive system are:

  • Chlamydia. Discharge with an unpleasant odor may be completely absent, but the sensation of itching and burning always accompanies this infection.
  • Genital herpes. In addition to severe unbearable itching, the patient is disturbed by watery vesicles on the mucous membrane of the genital organs.
  • Trichomoniasis. In addition to discomfort in the intimate area, there are constant brown discharge.
  • Gonorrhea. Often this disease in women is hidden, but sometimes it is manifested by pulling pains in the pelvis, itching and bad smell.

Sexually transmitted infections can be contracted both sexually and in open water bodies, swimming pools and other places where a humid environment promotes the growth of bacteria. Treatment is prescribed only by a venereologist. As a rule, it is complex and lengthy.

Vaginal bacteriosis

Unlike dangerous sexual infections, bacteriosis can occur against the background of a decrease in immunity, when using synthetic underwear, as well as with poor hygiene of the genital organs. Sometimes bacteriosis can go away on its own, but if you ignore this problem, relapses are possible. The infection can travel higher and cause more severe inflammation.

Vaginal bacteriosis is often found in pregnant women, with menopause, in women with endocrine disorders. However, it is successfully treated within 7-14 days. The doctor may prescribe drugs to strengthen the immune system, vitamins. Ointments and suppositories are used as external agents, douching is carried out.

Other causes of itching and burning in the groin

Factors that a woman does not even suspect can provoke discomfort in the intimate area. These reasons include:

  • stress and nervous overload,
  • allergic reactions to intimate cosmetics, contraceptives, synthetic underwear,
  • cystitis, bladder infections,
  • diabetes,
  • malnutrition,
  • dryness of the genital mucosa,
  • improper shaving or depilation of the intimate area,
  • malignant tumors of the genitourinary system.

How to relieve unpleasant symptoms?

In addition to the main therapy recommended by the doctor, the following rules should be followed:

  • monitor personal hygiene, wash 1-2 times a day with baby soap or special intimate gels;
  • wear only natural underwear that allows the skin to breathe;
  • do not abuse everyday pads;
  • use protection during intimacy or avoid it for a while …

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