Today, in the modern world, appearance plays a central role in the life of every person. The catwalks of the world are filled with thin, tall models who showcase beautiful, stylish, fashionable clothes. Watching them, most women involuntarily develop an image that they would like to match. But nature decreed otherwise, not every woman can meet the stated standards of 90-60-90, which puts many of them into despair.
It is at this stage that a woman embarks on a long and difficult path of dealing with her own weight. Most often, such a process occurs incorrectly, is harmful to health, because the methods of losing weight that women use may be completely inconsistent with the norms of a normal healthy diet. During the fight against weight, merciless diets, teas and diet pills, colossal physical activity are used. As a result, in some cases, instead of the desired slim figure, a woman can get a terrible disease called anorexia.
What is anorexia
Psychologists believe that anorexia is a type of eating disorder, as well as a violation of the psychological state. Today, anorexia is not so rare, because millions of women of different ages suffer from this terrible disease. Anorexics focus all their attention on food and its calorie content, they simply begin to be afraid to take food for fear of gaining weight, gaining at least one extra gram. The consciousness of the patient with anorexia is completely distorted. Looking at his reflection in the mirror, it seems to an anorexic patient that he is overweight, although in fact his weight has long been much lower than normal. Often patients with anorexia try to completely refuse food, preferring to starve and exhaust themselves with physical exertion. However, no matter how thin the patient is, he will still consider himself fat.
Signs of anorexia
Anorexia has characteristic signs that are easy to recognize even for a person who is far from medicine. Firstly, a strong weight loss, which has become much lower than normal, while the person is completely unaware that his body is depleted, he also continues to follow a diet or starve himself. At first, anorexia manifests itself in the fact that a person simply refuses food, referring to the fact that he is already full or feels unwell due to stomach problems. In addition, a patient with anorexia can endlessly discuss diets, calorie content of food, and also enjoy the process of cooking. Food occupies almost all the thoughts of the patient, he can endlessly discuss this topic.
Over time, when the disease progresses, the anorexic’s condition gradually worsens, he experiences severe weakness, drowsiness, and can sometimes faint. All organs begin to gradually wear out, so hair and nails become brittle and dull, teeth begin to crumble and break, the complexion loses its usual color, becomes gray and pale, characteristic bruises form under the eyes, the skin on the body becomes transparent with a bluish tint. Often, women during the progression of this disease suffer from the cessation of menstruation, which is very difficult to restore in the future, which means that such a woman, even after a cure, will have problems with childbearing.
A patient with anorexia constantly experiences a feeling of cold; neither multi-layered clothing nor a warm room helps him to warm up. After all, there is practically no energy in the body, it exists only at the expense of internal resources, of which there are very few left. Blood circulation is disturbed, which also causes a constant feeling of cold.
Late stages of anorexia
In the later stages of anorexia, hair appears all over the anorexic’s body, thus the body tries to keep warm. In the end, osteoporosis develops, a disease in which the bones become brittle and brittle, which means that frequent fractures are not ruled out. Digestion processes are completely disrupted, which means it is very difficult to restore them, only with the help of medical intervention. In the end, there is a failure in the work of the heart and nervous system. Thus, such a disease can be fatal.
Unfortunately, people suffering from anorexia are not aware of this fact, and others do not attach importance to the fact that their friend or relative has lost so much weight. That is why anorexia often goes too far, when it is already very difficult to help. That is why doctors insist that at the slightest sign of this terrible disease, relatives should immediately seek help from specialists who can provide timely and qualified assistance.
Treatment of anorexia
Most often, the treatment of anorexia is carried out under the supervision of competent professional specialists. So, half of the patients who started treatment can eventually return to a normal healthy lifestyle, although, of course, the disease has left a significant mark on human health. Anorexia treatment includes both medication and work with a psychologist. To begin with, it is important to restore the physical condition of the patient, bring his body back to normal, so that he can function and work normally. Only then do they begin to treat the mental disorder. When treating anorexia, doctors often resort to serious medications, such as antidepressants, to treat the mental disorder.
Psychologists believe that there are a great many reasons for the development of anorexia. It is impossible to answer the question of what drives a person when he stops eating and is in a state of constant dissatisfaction with himself. Nevertheless, in the modern world, this disease has a place to be, and every day, thanks to the trends of modern fashion, this disease is only progressing. It is important to notice and understand the existing problem in time and start taking action, otherwise it may be too late.