The lower abdomen hurts before and after menstruation: what are the causes and what to do?

In the body of every woman there is a natural process called menstruation. This process helps to remove unnecessary residues from the body. During menstruation, a large number of changes occur that most of the fair sex do not notice. An exception is bleeding for 4-6 days.

It is worth paying attention to the fact that about half of women experience pain and discomfort during menstruation. These sufferings are associated with changes in hormone levels. Sharp, dull, aching pains in “these” days appear regardless of age. And, unfortunately, most of the young ladies prefer to drown them out with painkillers, not paying attention to this.

Closing your eyes to discomfort and pain is not right. After all, this may indicate health problems, for example, some inflamed processes. Doctors also warn about the possibility of a violation of the hormonal background of the female body. These sufferings can also be associated with the use of contraceptive medications or with experienced stressful situations.

So why does the stomach hurt before and during the menstrual cycle?

There are many reasons for the appearance of pain syndrome, which can be divided into three stages:

  1. Pain during premenstrual syndrome, in the common people, just PMS.
  2. Painful spasms during the most critical days.
  3. Discomfort and discomfort after the cycle.

Consider the most common causes of pain. Young girls who have not yet established a permanent cycle, that is, menstruation has just begun, are the most vulnerable category. The problem of pain worries at least half of teenage girls. This age-old group feels algomenorrhea due to excessive thinness or strong emotional swings. That is, the feeling of pain, basically, has nothing to do with diseases or changes in the genitals. Often, after balancing the cycle of menstruation, the pain disappears.


In other cases, representatives of the weak field need to be extremely attentive to pain syndromes and not drown out dull spasmodic pain with painkillers.

For many women, the question of the occurrence of pain during PMS and menstruation remains open. The absence of inflammatory processes, a healthy lifestyle, abstinence from the use of emergency contraception is not always the cause of painless “red” days. In this case, you need to think about hormonal stress. But it is worth distinguishing the types of pain caused by inflammatory diseases and hormonal fluctuations.

Causes of pain caused by a hormonal surge

This pain has the following symptoms:

  1. Nervousness.
  2. Weakness of the body.
  3. Bloating.
  4. Insomnia.
  5. Aching periodic pain in the lower abdomen, with echoes in the small of the back.
  6. Increased body temperature and fainting.

All of the above characteristics have pain caused by hormonal changes. During menstruation, prostaglandins are released, which are the causes of uterine spasms.

Pain due to inflammation

With the constant occurrence of pain that appears with each onset of “these” days, which is permanent, it is better to consult a gynecologist for a professional examination and consultation. The presence of disorders and diseases (fibroids, adenomyosis, endrometiosis, etc.) in the organs of the reproductive system often cause such symptoms. Also, the cause of this type of pain can be abortion. Women who have had childbirth are also subject to such pain syndromes during the resumption of the menstrual cycle.


Delay does not mean pregnancy

The issue of delayed menstruation requires great attention. It is a mistake to assume that the main reason for the absence of menstruation is pregnancy. Often, disruptions in the cycle cause frequent nervous stress and being in a state of negative emotional overexcitation.

Female representatives who are overweight or underweight very often suffer from periodic absence of menstrual flow and excessively painful attacks during “these” days. There is only one way out of this situation – the acquisition of normal weight by balancing nutrition.

Do not forget that excessive physical activity can also be the cause of irregular periods. At an age that is ideal for having a baby, it is best to give up strength sports altogether. To keep the body in shape, fitness classes, swimming and elementary morning exercises are ideal options.

Uncontrolled medication has a significant impact on the frequency of menstruation. Long-term use of anti-tuberculosis, antipsychotic and antidepressant drugs has a negative impact. It is especially important to rarely take emergency contraception. After all, the amount of ovulation hormones that are in one such tablet is a couple of three times higher than the level of those same hormones in conventional contraceptives. A single use of such a dose leads to a violation of the cycle, which negatively affects the health of the lady.

Recently, intoxication has also caused a failure or absence of the menstrual cycle. With excessive use of alcohol, drug use and smoking, the balance of the body is disturbed. This imbalance immediately harms the reproductive system. The cause of intoxication can also be work in a hazardous industry, which is associated with the ingress of vapors of chemical elements into the body.

Methods for avoiding and treating pain influxes

In modern society, girls and women during painful menstruation prefer to eliminate the unpleasant sensation by drinking an antispasmodic pill. Although this is an effective way, it is still short-term: the pain will overtake again. Following simple rules, you can prevent the occurrence or completely avoid pain spasms.


First tip: get a heating pad. By applying a heating pad filled with warm water to the lower abdomen, it is possible to lose pain during PMS. Exclusion from the diet of fatty and spicy foods, coffee and strong tea will be the second effective advice.

When spending time in a stationary position (lying or sitting), congestive manifestations are formed in the pelvic organs, which is the cause of abdominal pain during menstruation and premenstrual syndrome. So physical activity is encouraged.

Of course, there are pains so severe that they can neither be avoided nor tolerated, then it is better to eliminate it with medicines. It is best to let it be a tablet of a conventional painkiller, but drugs that …

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