Dandelion is a bright representative of perennial herbaceous plants. It is characterized by basal green leaves and bright yellow inflorescences.
The stems have a tubular structure in the middle are hollow. All parts of the plant, when broken or cut, secrete bitter juice, which has beneficial properties. Plant height is 10-30cm. There are about 1000 species of dandelions, but only 70 are widely used by humans.
Dandelion is a plant that grows on almost the entire planet, of course, except for cold ice and hot deserts. Most often it can be found on plots of land that are characterized by a very small amount of trace elements, that is, they are “poor”. Dandelion roots have the ability to extract the calcium it needs from under the topsoil, which allows the plant to adapt to almost any conditions.
Among gardeners, dandelion is considered a weed that spreads quickly and is very difficult to get rid of. But it should be noted that after this plant decays, the soil where it grew is enriched with potassium, calcium and other chemical elements that are released during the decay period.
Speaking about the beneficial properties of dandelion, it should be noted its huge amount of useful elements, thanks to which it began to be called the “elixir of life”. In dandelion, not only the stems and flowers are medicinal, but also the root. It has the richest amount of nutrients. Dandelion root is vertical, long, powerful and juicy, brown in color, white in section. The root diameter is almost 2 cm, and the length reaches more than half a meter.
Dandelion root is used for both treatment and prevention. It is used to treat:
- rheumatism and polyarthritis,
- low acidity,
- diabetes and diabetes insipidus,
- acne rashes,
- hepatitis A.
Dandelion root has antiviral, expectorant, analgesic, sedative, hypnotic, diaphoretic, anti-inflammatory, anthelmintic, anticarcinogenic, antispasmodic effects.
The antioxidants contained in the root prevent the occurrence of diseases such as cancer and diabetes. Regular use of decoctions speeds up recovery after a stroke.
With its help, toxins are removed from the body, which allows you to adjust the fluid content in the human body.
Improves the functioning of the cardiovascular system.
Dandelion root cleanses the blood and lymph, increases the amount of hemoglobin.
Nursing mothers take a decoction of dandelion roots, which allows you to increase the amount of milk during lactation.
In many countries, there are specially grown dandelion plantations that are used for food. Special diets have been developed that are based on this plant.
The chemical composition of the root
During the growing season, the dandelion root accumulates a huge amount of useful elements such as:
- organic acids
- triterpene compounds
- mineral elements
It should be noted that, in general, the dandelion itself is an excellent honey plant. Flowering lasts from April to September. From the pollen collected on the inflorescences, thick honey is obtained, which has a huge number of useful properties.
Harvesting dandelion roots
In order to use dandelion root for medicinal purposes, you can buy it at a pharmacy or make a blank yourself. Finding a plant for harvesting is not difficult, since it grows almost everywhere. The main thing is not to take those plants that grow near the road.
Harvest should be in the spring (April) or autumn (August-September). The autumn period is considered the most favorable time for harvesting blanks, since until then the plant has time to accumulate the largest amount of useful substances. If a large amount of root was taken at one place, then it is best to re-harvest from this place in a few years.
With the help of a shovel, the plant is dug up, the earth is shaken off, the aerial part is cut off, washed thoroughly in cold water and cut lengthwise into 4 parts. Then the root should be dried immediately in the fresh air, and then in a dryer at a temperature of 40 to 50 ° C. In the absence of a special dryer, the root is spread in a thin layer and often mixed in a well-ventilated area. If the root is dried without drying, the process will take 10-15 days. Such a blank can be stored for 5 years.
Folk recipes for treatment with root
- With anemia.
6g of a mixture of ground root and the top of a dandelion must be boiled in one glass of water, then let it brew for about half an hour, drink every day 3 times a day before eating.
- With polyarthritis.
The crushed root in the amount of one teaspoon, put in boiling water and keep in a warm place for about an hour. The filtered infusion should be drunk in the amount of 50g 4 times throughout the day half an hour before eating.
- With dermatitis.
Crushed dandelion root (one tablespoon) pour very hot water (0.400 ml) and let it brew. Use 100 ml 4 times a day.
- With diabetes.
Take a finely chopped root of about 12g and brew with a glass of hot water, then leave for about 20 minutes. Cool and drain. Take 0.100 ml 3-4 times a day.
- With diathesis.
Dandelion root, crushed, pour 0.200 ml of hot water and boil over low heat for 15 minutes. Let cool 45 minutes, drain. It is necessary to use warm 100 ml 3 times a day 15 minutes before meals.
- With gallstone disease.
Boil one teaspoon of finely chopped dandelion root for about 20 minutes in 200 ml of water. Take 50 ml 2-4 times a day as a choleretic decoction.
- With calluses.
Lubricate the skin with a steep infusion of the root to remove dry corns or warts.
- When poisoned.
Boil 6 g of crushed root in 200 ml for 15 minutes, let it brew for half an hour, and then filter. Take 50 ml 3 times a day before meals as an anti-toxic agent.
- With poor appetite.
Boil 30g of root in 1 liter boiling water. Drink 0.100 ml 3 times a day before eating.
- For skin rashes.
Boil 12g of crushed roots in 200g of water for 15 minutes, cool for 45 minutes and strain. Use in a heated state, 100 ml 3 times a day before eating.
- With constipation.
Powder is made from the dried root, that is, crushed in a coffee grinder. Use 2.5 ml 3 times per…