What does bitterness in the mouth mean: causes and treatment

Sometimes we feel a bitter taste in the mouth. In some cases, this unpleasant feeling is not a reason for fundamental concern about your health and may appear as a result of excessive overeating or alcohol abuse. But the regular occurrence of this symptom is one of the signs that some pathological processes are occurring in the internal organs and tissues. Let’s take a closer look at what can cause a feeling of bitterness and how to deal with it.

Bitterness as a symptom of diseases of internal organs

Liver problems.

In a healthy body, the liver produces enough bile to break down dietary fats into easily digestible elements. With insufficient production of this secret, the food is not completely digested, and rotting begins in the intestines, and bitterness is felt in the mouth.

Inflammation or damage to the liver tissues can contribute to stone formation and blockage of the bile ducts, which leads to the penetration of the secret into the esophagus, and then into the oral cavity, where a not very pleasant taste appears.

Feeling bitterness can be a possible cause:

  • hepatitis – inflammation of the liver;
  • cirrhosis – a structural change in the liver tissue with the formation of scars;
  • fatty hepatosis – fatty liver.

Disorders in the gallbladder and its ducts (biliary system).

Malfunctions in the biliary system lead to stagnation and further release of bile into the esophagus. This group of diseases is characterized by a bitter taste in the mouth after sleep. The reason for this may be:

  • cholecystitis – inflammation of the gallbladder. In the acute form, a person is tormented by stabbing pain in the right side, vomiting, dryness in the oral cavity, high fever, the skin acquires a yellow tint. Sometimes there are disturbances in stool, sleep, yellow-white coating on the tongue, excessive nervousness;
  • cholelithiasis – the formation of stones in the bile ducts, which interferes with the normal outflow of secretions;
  • dyskinesia is a failure in the outflow of bile from the liver through the biliary system. Spasms of the gallbladder are either too intense or very weak. Therefore, an insufficient amount of secretion enters the initial section of the small intestine.

Malfunctions of the gastrointestinal tract.

Reduced motility of the digestive system leads to a slowdown in food processing and the accumulation of bile. In this case, bitterness in the mouth is accompanied by: nausea, bloating, heartburn, stomach pain and plaque on the tongue. With gastritis and duodenitis, there are malfunctions in the work of the sphincters of the digestive system and inflammatory processes in the tissues. A feeling of bitterness can warn of the onset of the following ailments:

  • chronic gastritis – inflammation of the gastric mucosa;
  • ulcer – a defect in the gastric mucosa, occurring under the influence of hydrochloric acid;
  • pancreatitis – inflammation of the pancreas;
  • gastrointestinal motility disorders;
  • duodenitis – inflammatory processes occurring in the mucous membrane of the duodenum;
  • enterocolitis – inflammation of the large and small intestines.

Endocrine diseases and hormonal disorders in the body.

  • hyperthyroidism – increased secretion of the thyroid gland – against the background of this, a lot of adrenaline enters the blood, blood pressure rises, the heartbeat quickens and a spasm of the muscles of the biliary tract occurs;
  • hypothyroidism – the thyroid gland secretes insufficient secretion, as a result of which the activity of the biliary tract decreases and stagnation of bile occurs.

This leads to dyskinesia, in which many tastes are perceived as bitter.

Treatment of bitterness in violation of the internal organs

In order to get rid of the bitter taste associated with pathological changes in the internal organs, you need to follow some recommendations:

  1. Diet food. It is advisable to exclude or minimize the consumption of fatty, spicy, fried and salty foods, fresh pastries, semi-finished products from the store that are full of harmful artificial additives, limit the use of sweets and legumes, garlic, radishes, horseradish. Try not to eat at night – this greatly burdens the digestive tract, and during the day to eat food often, but in small portions. For breakfast, give preference to buckwheat or oatmeal porridge, and during the day do not forget to eat vegetables and fruits, grain bread and sour-milk products in sufficient quantities.
  2. Plentiful drink. For better cleaning of all organs and tissues from toxins, it is necessary to drink plenty of fluids throughout the day, preference should be given to clean water and decoctions (rosehip, elderberry, currant, viburnum or mint).
  3. Body cleansing. To reduce the bitter taste, it is important to cleanse the intestines, for example, with the help of enterosorbents. Control the regularity of the stool and prevent constipation.
  4. Drinking freshly squeezed juices. Drinking fresh juices increases salivation and has a beneficial effect on all organs, as they are rich in vitamins. Especially useful: carrot, potato, orange and tangerine juices, parsley and celery juice.
  5. In case of malfunctions in the gastrointestinal tract, treatment should be aimed at restoring the functions of the digestive organs. This is facilitated by: drugs that help normalize the production and excretion of bile; drugs that nourish the liver; decoctions of herbs that promote the removal of bile (corn stigmas, immortelle flowers).

Causes of bitterness that are not related to the work of internal organs

Diseases of the gums and oral cavity.

They cause inflammation in the mouth and are accompanied not only by a feeling of bitterness, but also by an unpleasant odor:

  • stomatitis – diseases of the oral mucosa;
  • glossitis – an inflammatory process in the tissues of the tongue;
  • the filling material may be bitter;
  • incorrectly selected dentures and crowns;
  • gum disease (gingivitis, periodontitis).


  1. Eat foods high in vitamin C (lemons, oranges, tangerines, pomelo, grapefruit, natural juices), this will increase salivation and help cleanse the mouth of germs.
  2. Chew cinnamon or cloves.
  3. Rinse your mouth with a decoction of chamomile.
  4. Visit the dentist.

Taking antibiotics.

The intake of certain medications provokes the occurrence of dysbacteriosis: the normal microflora is destroyed and the work of the intestine is disrupted.

To eliminate the problem, drugs rich in lacto- and bifidobacteria are prescribed.

Chronic stress and depression.

When stress occurs, a spasm occurs in the biliary system, causing the release of bile into the esophagus, so there is a bitter aftertaste.

If the cause of bitterness is nervous strain, then the following will be useful:

  1. Natural sedatives (infusions of valerian, motherwort, peony) and antidepressants that work well with symptoms …

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